Interior Design: The Process

Interior design is an art and science of improving the interior of an interior setting to make a more aesthetically pleasing and healthful environment for those using the space. An interior designer is a person who researches, plans, oversees, and completes these improvement projects. Interior designers use a variety of tools and strategies in order to produce and create beautiful and functional spaces. These strategies are also employed by architects and planners when they are planning and designing a new building or remodeling an existing structure. Interior designers have to think creatively and productively in order to create spaces that are functional, appealing, pleasing to the eye, and affordable.

The first thing an interior designer does is inspect a space and determine the function it serves. He also identifies the kind of furniture that will serve the purpose. In addition, the designer may plan out the layout of the room and figure out the best arrangement of furniture, lighting, and other features so that the room will accommodate the most users. An interior designer’s job is crucial because he has to work with architects, interior designers, carpentry professionals, masons, heating and cooling contractors, and interior decorators. Each of these experts has a specific task, they need to accomplish while working on the project.

After determining the function of the interior space, the interior designer plans out the arrangement of furniture and other features. When arranging furniture, the arrangement should follow the natural lines of the room rather than contemporary or modern trends. The interior designer should coordinate the placement of cabinets, shelves, desks, television sets, open fixtures, accessories, lighting, paint, and walls so that everything looks harmonious. When it comes to walls, the layout should not obstruct access and navigation. The placement of doors and windows is also very important because they determine whether the interior design project meets the regulatory requirements of the local government.

Once the layout is finalized, it is time for the contractors to start preparing the construction documents. The construction documents are actually legal documents meant to convey the plans and specifications for a home or building and such specifications must be followed strictly during the construction process. An interior designer works with architects and engineers during this stage to decide which materials, equipment, furniture, and features will be used for the project. The interior designers work with architects in designing spaces for kitchen, bathrooms, bedrooms, offices, kitchens, baths, living rooms, hallways, basements, and other spaces.

When designing interiors, the architects give consideration to the future use of the spaces as well as the size of the rooms. They consider the number of people who can comfortably live in the spaces and the type of furniture they need. For instance, a living room should have appropriate furniture and appliances that match the size and dimensions of the space and the number of people who will use it. Living rooms should be wide and airy so that it is easy to entertain guests.

A professional interior designer keeps the budget on track. Pricing plans can be discussed with architects during the planning phase of the project. The interior designer keeps in mind the preferences of the homeowners and the preferences of the builder. Many times a homeowner wants an idea that is completely original and a builder wants a contemporary design. The interior decorator is able to work with the homeowner and the architect to create a balanced design that meets the preferences of both the homeowners and the builders.

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