Interior design is an art and science of improving the interior of a structure to make it aesthetically pleasing and a healthier environment for those using the room. An interior designer is a person who researches, plans, coordinates, and handles these entire improvement projects without much problem. The term interior design was coined in the early 1900’s by John Paul Jones and his association with the Art Institute of Boston. He made a research about how best to decorate the interior spaces of buildings. In his book The Art of the Interior, he made some interesting suggestions for decorating interiors.
Interior design deals with the visual aesthetics of spaces. This involves planning and coordinating a combination of visual elements in order to create a general impression or aesthetic appearance. Aesthetics refers to the arrangements of details and color, space, texture, size, and proportions. Interior design aims to attain an appropriate balance between the practical needs and expectations of users and the aesthetics of the spaces. It also tries to meet the needs of the future occupants.
There are many elements involved in interior design like furniture, accessories, lighting, flooring, wall coverings, windows, accessories, materials, construction documents, etc. It can be of any form like painting, photography, sculpture, fusing, computer-aided design, 3D computer-aided design, architectural plans and many more. It is an ever-changing field as newer technologies like electronics, CAD, and software to help enhance the efficiency of such work. It is also dependent upon the social and cultural conditions of the individuals.
Interior Designers has come up with their own unique ways to express their ideas. They use a variety of mediums such as photography, multimedia, architecture, furniture, fabric art, sculptures, computer-assisted design and other creative techniques. The profession has evolved into one of the most innovative professions and the demand for talented interior designers is increasing day-by-day. The competition in this profession is quite high and the standards are soaring high. Graduates and those who are interested in pursuing a career in this field can join accredited schools and training programs.
Interior designers must be aware of the different types of aesthetics and design and must know how to create a space that meets the client’s requirements. In addition to basic technical qualifications, interior designers also need to undergo three major tests known as NCIDQ exam, IIDAQ exam, and IITJEE exam. Interior designer training programs offer various programs in design and aesthetics. Interior Designers can obtain degrees in Design and Interior Architecture from reputed institutes.
Interior design offers opportunities to individuals to design and decorate spaces in homes, offices, business premises and hotels. It is very important to determine the exact purpose of each room. It is very important to choose the right colour combination to decorate the spaces appropriately. Aesthetics play an important role in interior design and it should be incorporated in the designing process to avail success.